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ABAPCONVERT_DATE_TIME-STAMP - CONVERT DATE TIME-STAMP

ABAPCONVERT_DATE_TIME-STAMP - CONVERT DATE TIME-STAMP

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CONVERT INTO TIME STAMP

Short Reference



CONVERT DATE dat
        $[TIME tim $[DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME dst$]$]
        INTO TIME STAMP time_stamp TIME ZONE tz.


Effect

This statement converts a date specified in dat, a time specified in tim, and a daylight saving time marker specified in dst of the time zone specified in tz into a time stamp in a packed number and assigns the result to the variable time_stamp. The conversion is performed in accordance with the rules for time zones.

dat, tim, dst, and tz are functional operand positions.

  • dat expects a data object of the type d that contains a valid date. Operands of other types are converted to d. If dat contains an invalid value, time_stamp is not changed and sy-subrc is set to 12. The days from October 5, 1582 through October 14, 1582 that are missing due to the switch from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar are not considered invalid values here. They produce the same results as the conversion of the available days from October 15, 1582 through October 24, 1582.
  • tim expects a data object of the type t that contains a valid time. Operands of other types are converted to t. If the addition TIME is not specified, the system implicitly uses the initial time "000000" for tim. In tim, only the values 00 to 23 for the hours, and 00 to 59 for the minutes are valid. If tim contains an invalid value, time_stamp is not changed and sy-subrc is set to 12.
  • dst can be specified as a data object of the type c with length 1 that contains the value "X" or " ". This controls the behavior of the statement with respect to daylight saving time.
  • If dst has the value "X", the value of tim is interpreted as the specified time in daylight saving time.

  • If dst has the value " ", the value of tim is interpreted as the specified time in standard time.

  • If dst has neither the value "X" nor " ", time_stamp is not changed and sy-subrc is set to 12.

If the time zone specified in tz does not have a daylight saving time rule (for example when "UTC" is specified), the addition DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME is ignored. If the addition DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME is not specified, the value of dst is set to "X" implicitly if the specifications in tim and dat are in daylight saving time and to " " for specifications in standard time. In the double hour that is caused by switching from daylight saving time to standard time, tim and dat are interpreted as a time in daylight saving time and dst is set to the value "X". If the value in dst does not match the data in tim and dat, that is, if the value "X" is specified in standard time and the value " " in daylight saving time, time_stamp is not changed and sy-subrc is set to 12.
  • tz expects a character-like data object that contains a time zone from the DDIC database table TTZZ.
  • If tz is initial, no time shift is calculated when converting to the time stamp. In this case, sy-subrc is set to 4.

  • If the specified time zone is not found in the DDIC database table TTZZ, time_stamp remains unchanged and sy-subrc is set to 8.

  • If the rule set for the specified time zone is incomplete, an uncatchable exception is raised.

The following can be specified for time_stamp:

  • An existing variable of the data type TIMESTAMP or TIMESTAMPL from the ABAP Dictionary, in accordance with ABAP type p with length 8 or p with length 11 and seven decimal places. If time_stamp has the data type TIMESTAMPL for the long form, the fractions of seconds in the decimal places are initialized when the assignment is made.

If dat and tim contain valid values but produce an invalid time stamp when combined with a valid time zone in tz, time_stamp is not modified and sy-subrc is set to 12.

System Fields

sy-subrc Meaning
0 Local time of specified time zone was converted to time stamp and assigned to the target field
4 The specified time was converted to a time stamp without time shift and assigned to the target field.
8 The specified time could not be converted because the specified time zone does not exist in the DDIC database table TTZZ
12 The specified time could not be converted because dat, tim, or dst contain invalid or inconsistent values.

Notes

  • Current user-specific local times and the corresponding local time zones are stored in the system fields sy-datlo, sy-timlo, and sy-zonlo.
  • Specifying daylight saving time and standard time after DAYLIGHT SAVING TIME enables different UTC time stamps to be created from identical local time stamps within the double hour when switching from daylight saving time to standard time.
  • When the switch is made from standard to daylight saving time, one hour is usually omitted. For example, in the "CET" time zone in the year 2009, on March 29, the hour between 02:00 and 03:00 does not exist. If an attempt is made to convert a time during this missing hour, the statement is always terminated with the value 12 for sy-subrc because this time or this local time stamp does not exist.
  • Usually, an invalid time stamp can be created from a valid date and time only by combining the first valid date 00010101 with time zones east of UTC or the last valid date 99991231 with time zones west of UTC.
  • An initial time zone tz corresponds to UTC only if the tables of the rules for time zones are filled correctly for the time zone UTC.

The following example for CONVERT INTO TIME STAMP for time stamps in packed numbers functions in exactly the same way as the example for CONVERT INTO UTCLONG for time stamps in time stamp fields.

The following example for CONVERT INTO TIME STAMP for time stamps in packed numbers functions in exactly the same way as the example for CONVERT INTO UTCLONG for time stamps in time stamp fields.

Exceptions

Non-Catchable Exceptions

  • Cause: Inconsistent control tables for the conversion.
    Runtime Error: CONVERT_TSTMP_INCONSISTENT_TAB






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